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Locomotion scoring is based on the
observation of cows standing and walking (gait), with special emphasis on their
back posture. This system is intuitive and easy to use and implement.
Use of locomotion scoring is effective
for early detection of claw (hoof) disorders, monitoring prevalence of
lameness, comparing the incidence and severity of lameness between herds and
identifying individual cows for functional claw (hoof) trimming.
Scoring of Dairy Cattle:
adapted from Sprecher, D.J.; Hostetler, D.E.; Kaneene, J.B. 1997.
Theriogenology 47:1178-1187 and contributions from Cook, N.B., University of
Animal observations should be made on
a flat surface that provides good footing for cows. Cows scoring 2 or 3 should
be examined and trimmed to prevent more serious problems. Trimming should be
done by a competent hoof trimmer with the goal of returning the claws to
functional weight bearing and conformation.
Lameness is a
multifactorial disease. The following management factors will influence the
incidence of lameness.